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                            瓷器清潔與修復的基本常識

                                瓷器比陶器質地致密、堅硬、光滑、不吸水,鹽類很難浸入內部,但早期的商周原始瓷器,由于胎質差,釉質不勻,或某些瓷器釉質內所合成分之一種或幾種發生了結晶作用或沉積作用,硅土沉積到一定程度,釉會變成乳白色,或者會以一種不透明薄膜的形式掩蓋了陶體上的色彩與飾紋;遇到這種情況,可用1%的氫氟酸作局部的施徐,每次涂幾分鐘,涂后蒸餾水沖洗掉酸痕,再用細金相砂紙細磨,盡可能恢復它的透明性,顯露出釉下紋飾。釉面硬結石灰物質可用 5%鹽酸或硝酸清除。
                                瓷器的粘接劑,要選擇無色透明,粘接強度高,耐老化力強,凝結速度快的,粘結合縫后,難辨茬口縫隙。粘接時要按事前設計的方案,照顧到相鄰的關系,一般可先從底部開始粘,有的可從口沿開始粘,但要做到粘一塊不能有絲毫的差錯,一塊錯位,會影響全器。粘合后一定要擠壓,用寸帶捆綁固定。
                                釉面缺損補殘,用樹脂與石英粉調為膏狀,油泥或石膏做局部模,以樹脂膏填補后,砂紙打磨光潔。難度最大的是做釉色。瓷器的釉色很豐富,主要以丙稀酸快干色徐料運用噴筆,手繪相結合的工藝,各種色澤,繪紋分別對待。釉面光澤可選擇“玻璃白”涂料或無色透明的雙組份聚胺酯清漆、丙烯酸清漆,噴罩上后用布蹭或瑪瑙碾子壓光。
                             


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