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                            掛件的各種寓意

                                中國人自古就有佩玉的習慣,有的是出自愛好,有的是出自心中美好的祝愿。近年來佩帶玉牌更成為消費者追求的時尚。面對市場上各種體裁的玉佩,消費者感到無從選擇。其實在和田玉的題材當中,大多都有明確的主題,這些主題可能出自一個典故,一個傳說并寄托著人們豐富的思想和情感。
                               掛件上豐富的紋飾,多取長壽、祝福、快樂之寓意,一般的紋飾有人物、動物、花草、文字和其他一些圖案。常見的有:
                              佛、觀音:掛件中的佛,常取大肚彌勒佛的造型。它實際上是由一個叫契比和尚的形象塑造出來的。據史書記載,契比是五代時期明州(今浙江寧波人)人,經常手持錫杖,上掛一布袋,出入于市鎮鄉村游化行乞,故人們稱他為“布袋和尚”。相傳他身形肥大,衣著隨便,言行不拘小節能預測吉兇,知晴雨,神秘莫測。后來梁禎明三年,契比坐化,后人認為他是彌勒轉世,造塔供奉。因此其成為解脫一切煩惱的化身。而觀音則被視為救苦救難之神,被視為慈悲的化身。觀音菩薩在中國民間受到最普遍、最廣泛的敬仰。人們佩戴此類的紋飾掛件是為了借佛、神的力量來保佑自身,祈求平安快樂。
                              壽星:以南極仙翁托桃為紋飾,寓意幸福長壽。壽星是我國長壽的化身,現代玉雕常以其為素材,用來寄托人們對健康長壽的向往。
                              童子:以古代兒童為紋飾,祝愿多子多福之意。
                              龍、鳳:龍是中國最有代表性的吉祥神獸,鳳是中國最有代表性的吉祥神鳥。寓意吉祥。傳說鳳在中國民間代表女性,龍代表男性。他們搭配在一起寓意婚配吉祥。
                              魚:“魚”與“余”諧音,表示富裕。比如:年年有余(魚)、吉慶有余(魚)等。
                              蝠:“蝠”與“福”諧音,寓意幸福。例如:福在眼前(蝙蝠帶一串銅錢)等。
                              蟾:自古以來代表財富。常見的劉海戲金蟾,寓意財源興旺,幸福美好。
                              猴:“猴”與“侯”諧音。馬和猴在一起,寓意馬上封侯,封官進爵的意思。還有兩只猴在一起,指“輩輩封侯”。
                              十二生肖:生肖也稱屬象掛件,視為護身符可保佑平安、快樂。
                              植物紋飾:植物紋飾常與動物紋飾相結合,產生豐富的圖案和寓意,比如:連年有余,松鶴延年等。也有單獨的植物紋飾,如:竹子,代表節節高;花,代表花開富貴;梅、蘭、竹、菊花中四君子,代表人的氣節性格。
                              文字和圖案紋飾:常用的文字和圖案紋飾有壽、福、祿、喜、長命百歲等字樣,及陰陽八卦卜吉紋飾等。寓意吉祥,平安。


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