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                            花腰傣族:奇異的婚俗

                                 雙方議定結親需要的肉、酒、菜后,擇定吉日成親。結婚之日清晨,男家宰牛、殺豬,準備菜蔬。吃過中飯,新郎、陪郎率著廚師和打幫忙的小伙于們,浩浩蕩蕩扛著牛肉、豬肉,挑著酒菜到女家去辦酒席。款待女家親友。女家請來送親的小“卜少"們,站在土掌房上潑吉樣水喜迎。老人們把廚師帶來的人領到已經支好鍋灶的地方,開始做菜烹調。吃飯時,全寨人每家來1人參加(自帶好吃的飯菜),共喝喜酒祝福。花腰傣的婚禮,大多數都在子夜舉行。傍晚,媒人和兩位知禮儀的中年婦女,帶迎親隊伍出發去新娘家迎親。新娘的母親早已守候在門前迎接,向迎親隊伍敬酒。媒人和迎親婦女恭敬地把酒碗舉過頭頂,念著敬祭語將酒灑在地下,表示先敬大地祖先;喝下第二杯酒后進入家中入席就餐。小“卜少”來頻頻斟酒,女家親戚輪番來敬酒拈菜,場面十分熱烈。新郎手提酒壺,新娘用托盤端著酒杯,向長輩、親戚敬酒;最后,來到父母親面前雙雙跪下敬酒告別。母親難舍女兒,女兒不忘母親撫養,抱頭哭在一起,不愿分開。新娘的兄弟或親戚把她拉開,背到門外,讓迎親、送親的人簇擁而去。

                              花腰傣的婚禮一般在午夜舉行,接親途中,若途經河水,新郎必須背新娘過河。

                              新郎的阿媽與舉行婚禮儀式的老人們等在門外,迎接子夜到來的新人。當8個小“卜少”在佩帶的銀鈴聲中扶著新娘來到門口時,婆婆連忙走上去為媳婦戴上“雞蓯斗笠”;小伴們有意把帽碰歪,讓婆婆再去扶正,反復嬉鬧,增加婆媳感情。新娘跟著婆婆首先去牛廄給耕牛喂草。傳說,牛與傣家耕田種地,共同勞作,它吃的是草,傣家吃的是糧;為了崇敬牛的精神,便將其當作圖騰來崇拜,反映出農耕文化的歷史積淀和傣家人的美好品德。

                              在門口舉行隆重而充滿民族特色的婚禮儀式:一位老阿媽手持火把圍看新娘繞三圈,驅逐路上帶米的邪氣;二位老人為新郎、新娘“拴線”,祝福婚姻牢固;新郎用左腳踏在門檻上,新娘把右腳踩在新郎腳背上,老人拿著火把在他們腳上用水澆熄,表示赴湯蹈火不分離;夫妻同食蛋黃染的同心糯米飯團。共飲交杯酒,表示黃金白銀要靠夫妻同心協力用勞動去創造。然后到正堂去拜公婆,認親戚。進入新房內,中央端放著一甑熱氣騰騰的糯米飯,飯中間橫放著一把鋸齒鐮刀;新娘、新郎在老人的指點下,各從一側取出米飯,奉給雙親先食,然后互換位置,取糯米飯自食。表示尊敬老人、男女平等、有飯同吃、有福共享的傳統美德。

                              山月凝視著幸福的傣家,笑彎了眉,笑圓了臉,看著有情人終成著屬。


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