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                            醫藥知識—中藥介紹—古老而神奇的中藥:艾

                            您聽說過“艾”嗎?這味古老而神奇的中藥,幾千年來被世人廣為應用,對人類健康的貢獻極大。

                            如果說杏是中醫之花,那么艾便是中醫之草了。艾的藥用在我國至少有3000多年的歷史。孟 子曾說:“七年之病,求三年之艾。”意思是患了7年的慢性病,用艾3年就可治好。

                            另據史料記載:唐朝的孫思邈常用艾葉溫灸足三里穴,活到100多歲。民間亦有俗語“若要安,三里常不干”的說法,就是說常灸足三里穴確能增強人體的免疫功能,減少疾病的發生。日本的一位194歲高壽老人也曾向日本天皇傳授秘訣:即每月初一灸足三里穴,連灸8日,月月如此,肯定會保證健康。如此說來,足見孫思邈使用艾的方法流傳之廣。

                            由于艾在燃燒時產生的煙劑對人畜無害,氣味芬芳,又能達到消毒殺菌、除害防病的目的,所以民間至今一直在使用。

                            艾,又名冰臺、艾蒿、醫草、灸草、蘄艾、家艾、甜艾、草蓬、艾蓬、香艾、阿及艾等。它味苦、性辛溫,宜入肝、脾和腎,具有溫經止血、祛寒止痛的功效,適用于虛寒引起的月經過多,崩漏以及妊娠下血、月經不調、小腹冷痛、痛經等病癥。與地膚子和蒼生等混合后水煎熏洗可治濕癬瘙癢。把艾葉陰干揉成艾絨制成艾條,是針灸治病的主要藥品。

                            近年來,隨著中醫藥研究的不斷發展和深入,艾的應用也有了新的發現與進展。用艾的浸制液可以治療慢性支氣管炎,其總有效率達81.88%;艾制劑內服外用,可使痔瘡迅速止痛消腫;而用它醫治慢性肝炎,總有效率可達90%;用艾的氣霧劑治哮喘效果也十分理想,且無毒副作用。此外,艾還能防止動脈硬化、扁桃腺炎和治療刀傷。用艾治療乳腺小葉增生,療效達80%。艾還可防止腫瘤病人因化療引起的血尿。

                            當今,艾的制劑、品種頗多,如針灸用的艾絨、艾條、艾餅;內科用的有片劑、針劑、水劑和氣霧劑、湯劑,外科用的油劑、栓劑等。

                            艾在我國大部分地區均有出產,以灰白色、絨毛多、香氣濃郁者為佳。這種神奇的良藥為人類的健康奠定了基礎。


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